Duncan Hardy

Duncan Hardy, Ph.D.

Duncan Hardy is a historian of Central Europe - broadly defined - in the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries. He specializes in the history of the Holy Roman Empire - the vast entity at the heart of medieval and early modern Europe, which encompassed all or part of more than a dozen modern European countries. More generally, he is interested in models of state/polity formation and the debates around long-term political change in medieval and early modern Europe; religious conflicts and the late medieval and early modern Crusades; the history of diplomacy; the long history of the Reformation(s); and the comparative study of political cultures. 

He has just finished writing up his first book, Associative Political Culture in the Holy Roman Empire: Upper Germany, 1346-1521. It argues that the political landscape of the Holy Roman Empire is best understood as a nexus of intertwined networks, formalized by and within leagues, alliances, and assemblies, challenging conventional interpretations of the Empire and European models of state formation more generally. His second project, which is in its preliminary research phase, examines processes of political and religious change, and particularly emerging concepts of reform, within the loose and multilateral framework of the Empire in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, with a view to rethinking the early Reformation in light of its political context.

Before joining the UCF Department of History, Duncan Hardy undertook undergraduate and graduate studies at the University of Oxford. He then held research fellowships at the Institute of Historical Research within the University of London and at the Université libre de Bruxelles in Belgium. In 2016 he was elected as a Title A Research Fellow at Trinity College in the University of Cambridge, a fellowship he will hold until 2022. Since 2020 he is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.


  • Ph.D. in History [D.Phil.] from University of Oxford (2015)

Research Interests

Early Modern Europe; Late Medieval Europe; Reformation History; Political History; German History; Central Europe; Holy Roman Empire; Political Culture.

Selected Publications



  • “Were There ‘Territories’ in the German Lands of the Holy Roman Empire in the Fourteenth to Sixteenth Centuries?” in Constructing and Representing Territory in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe, ed. Mario Damen and Kim Overlaet (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2021), pp. 29-52.

  • “Holy Roman Empire (1300-1650)” in Oxford Bibliographies: Renaissance and Reformation, ed. Margaret King (2021):
  • “Landfrieden,” in Handbuch Frieden im Europa der Frühen Neuzeit / Handbook of Peace in Early Modern Europe, ed. Irene Dingel, Michael Rohrschneider, Inken Schmidt-Voges, Siegrid Westphal, and Joachim Whaley (Berlin: De Gruyter Oldenbourg, 2021), pp. 151-169.
  • Tage (Courts, Councils, and Diets): Political and Judicial Nodal Points in the Holy Roman Empire, c. 1300-1550,” German History, 36 (3) (2018): 381-400.
  • “The Emperorship of Sigismund of Luxemburg (1410-37): Charisma and Government in the Later Medieval Holy Roman Empire,” in Faces of Charisma: Image, Text, Object in Byzantium and the Medieval West, ed. Brigitte M. Bedos-Rezak and Martha D. Rust (Leiden: Brill, 2018), pp. 282-314.
  • “Between Regional Alliances and Imperial Assemblies: Landfrieden as a Political Concept and Discursive Strategy in the Holy Roman Empire, c. 1350-1520,” in Landfrieden – epochenübergreifend. Neue Perspektiven der Landfriedensforschung auf Verfassung, Recht, Konflikt, ed. Hendrik Baumbach and Horst Carl,Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung. Beihefte, 54 (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2018), pp. 85-120.
  • “Burgundian Clients in the South-Western Holy Roman Empire, 1410-1477: Between International Diplomacy and Regional Political Culture,” in Practices of Diplomacy in the Early Modern World, c. 1410-1800, ed. Tracey A. Sowerby and Jan Hennings, Routledge Research in Early Modern History series (Abingdon/New York: Routledge, 2017), pp. 25-43.
  • “An Alsatian Nobleman’s Account of the Second Crusade against the Hussites in 1421: A New Edition, Translation, and Interpretation,” Crusades, 15 (2016): 199-221.
  • “Reichsstädtische Bündnisse im Elsass als Beweise für eine “verbündende” politische Kultur am Oberrhein (ca. 1350-1500),” Zeitschrift für die Geschichte des Oberrheins, 162 (2014): 95-128.
  • “The Hundred Years War and the ‘Creation’ of the Written English Vernacular: A Reassessment,” Marginalia, 17 (2013): 18-31.
  • “The 1444-5 Expedition of the Dauphin Louis to the Upper Rhine in Geopolitical Perspective,” Journal of Medieval History, 38 (3) (2012): 358-387.


  • 2021: UCF - Excellence in Research Award
  • 2021: UCF - Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching Award
  • 2020: Royal Historical Society - Fellowship
  • 2019: Royal Historical Society - Gladstone Prize
  • 2019: UCF Department of History - Pauley Travel Award
  • 2017: Generallandesarchiv Karlsruhe - Johann Daniel Schöpflin Prize
  • 2016: German History Society - German History Society Prize
  • 2016-20: Trinity College, University of Cambridge - Title A Research Fellowship
  • 2015-16: Wiener-Anspach Foundation - Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • 2014-15: Institute of Historical Research, University of London - Scouloudi Fellowship
  • 2014: German History Society - Annual Postgraduate Bursary
  • 2014: University of Oxford, Faculty of History - Bryce Research Studentship
  • 2012/2014: Jesus College, University of Oxford - T.E. Lawrence Award for Mediaeval History
  • 2011-14: UK Arts and Humanities Research Council - Doctoral Award


No courses found for Fall 2022.

No courses found for Summer 2022.

Course Number Course Title Mode Date and Time Syllabus
11393 EUH4131 European Warfare Mixed-Mode/Reduce Seat-Time(M) W 03:00 PM - 04:15 PM Unavailable
No Description Available
19422 EUH6939 Seminar in European History Face to Face (P) Tu 06:00 PM - 08:50 PM Unavailable
No Description Available

Updated: Jan 11, 2022